One in nine women have endometriosis. Some women can have very severe pain, while others may not experience pain at all! Everyone's endometriosis experience is different. 

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to that which normally lines the uterus grows in other parts of the body. With each menstrual cycle as the lining is shed, tissue which is outside the uterus also bleeds. This bleeding causes inflammation and from this; scar tissue, cysts and adhesions are formed. 

Endometriosis is not a sexually transmitted disease, it is not life threatening or contagious.

Refer to our ‘what is endometriosis’ brochure for a more detailed explanation by clicking the link below.


Adenomyosis is a disease where the endometrium grows into the muscle of the uterus. The patient then suffers numerous microscopic bleeds in the muscle, at the time of the period.

The symptoms of adenomyosis are often very similar to endometriosis, with heavy, painful periods being the most common. Added symptoms include referred pain to the back and down the legs, with general associated feelings of fatigue. The pain can be at least as bad as endometriosis, sometimes worse, because the patient doesn’t yet have a diagnosis.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal condition which affects approximately one in ten women of reproductive age.

‘Polycystic’ means many cysts. Women with with PCOS typically have many partially formed folices, containing an egg. These eggs rarely reach maturity or are able to be fertilised.

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown; however, it is believed to be an insulin resistance, which drives this condition. Despite up to one third of women having ‘polycystic’ ovaries on ultrasound, there are other key symptoms of PCOS.

These symptoms may include: an irregular menstrual cycle, excessive facial or body hair, hair loss, acne, reduced fertility, as well as depression or anxiety.

Pelvic pain

Pain that occurs below your belly button and above your legs, is known as pelvic pain. There are a lot of organs in your pelvic area, it’s where your uterus, ovaries, bladder, bowel, as well as lots of muscles live.

When experiencing pain in this region, it is important to understand what is ‘normal’ pain, such as some mild discomfort on the first day or two of your period, and pain that is not normal, such as experiencing frequent pain, which doesn’t disappear after trying pain relief methods. Pain that occurs every day for more than six months is categorised as persistent or chronic pelvic pain.

Period pain isn’t the only cause of pelvic pain, there are many different reasons for pelvic pain, and it’s important to seek assistance from a medical professional to determine the correct cause of your pain.